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breeding and screening plant types for salinity

  • Salinity tolerance in plants: Breeding and genetic engineering

    Salinity tolerance in plants: Breeding and genetic engineering Satpal Turan* 1, Katrina Cornish2 and Shashi Kumar 1Synthetic Biology and Biofuel Group, International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, New Delhi-110067 2Department of Food, Agricultural and Biological Engineering, Ohio State University, 1680 Madison AvenueBREEDING FOR TOLERANCE TO STRESS TRIGGERED BY ,breeding programme specifically for biotic or abiotic stress breeding. Though screening techniques vary with crop species, growth stage and type of stress imposed but ideally it should be rapid, reproducible, easy and affordable. Manifestation of salt stress on plant: Degree of salt stress can affect the different crops differently. For rice, soil

  • W-L Alfalfas: Breeding Alfalfa for Salt Tolerance

    Sep 26, 2015· Current research on salt tolerance FGI with W-L Alfalfas began an aggressive breeding effort in 2010, evaluating and screening alfalfa plants for salt tolerance in actual field conditions. FGI uses three methods for testing new salt-tolerant alfalfa varieties:Screening methods for salinity tolerance: a case study,Fast and effective glasshouse screening techniques that could identify genetic variation in salinity tolerance were tested. The objective was to produce screening techniques for selecting salt-tolerant progeny in breeding programs in which genes for salinity tolerance have been introduced by either conventional breeding or genetic engineering.

  • Plant breeding Wikipedia

    Plant breeding is the science of changing the traits of plants in order to produce desired characteristics. It has been used to improve the quality of nutrition in products for humans and animals. Plant breeding can be accomplished through many different techniques ranging from simply selecting plants with desirable characteristics for propagation, to methods that make use of knowledge ofTechnological breakthroughs in screening/breeding wheat,Technological breakthroughs in screening/breeding wheat varieties for salt tolerance 26 major benefit for breeders, as the high variability of soil salinity and sodicity means that heritability of

  • Comprehensive screening and selection of okra (Abelmoschus

    Jan 25, 2012· Therefore the crop responses to salinity may vary during the plant ontogeny (Maas and Hoffman, 1977; Shannon, 1985; Azhar and McNeilly, 1989; Maas and Poss, 1989). For the selection of salt-tolerant breeding plants, information about the degree of salt tolerance at all plant growth stages in a crop species is important.4.1 Salt tolerance IRRI Rice Knowledge Bank,Stress and disease tolerance : Breeding for salt tolerance in rice : Before designing any ideal plant type, it is crucial to define the soil and agroclimatic conditions of the target areas for which they are to be developed. Seedling float for salinity screening at the seedling stage. (ii)

  • Screeningrice for salinity tolerance IRRI Rice Knowledge

    A screening method for salinity tolerance could be readily acceptable when based on a simple criterion for selection, it provides rapid screening of large number of materials and reproducible results. In Plant Breeding, Genetics and Biochemistry 2TECHNOLOGICAL BREAKTHROUGHS IN ,Technological breakthroughs in screening/breeding wheat varieties for salt tolerance 5 Pakistan conditions have not done well in salinity trials in India. We believe that one reason for the slow progress in developing successful varieties for Pakistan in particular is the lack of simultaneous screening for waterlogging and salinity.

  • Breeding for salt tolerance ~ Breeding & Plant Genetics

    Oct 29, 2013· A common approach to breeding for salt tolerance starts with assembling and screening germplasm for salinity tolerance. The selected genotypes are used as parents to transfer the trait to desired cultivars, followed by selecting desirable recombinants from the segregating population.Breeding for salt tolerance in cereal and legumes: Status,towards breeding for salinity tolerance in ICRISAT’s mandate crops. In a first part, we report on our approach to salt stress and the protocols and traits targeted for salinity tolerance screening. In the second part, we review the progress and stage of advance toward molecular breeding in each of ICRISAT’s mandate crops.

  • Screeningrice for salinity tolerance IRRI Rice Knowledge

    A screening method for salinity tolerance could be readily acceptable when based on a simple criterion for selection, it provides rapid screening of large number of materials and reproducible results. In Plant Breeding, Genetics and Biochemistry 2Genetic analysis of salt tolerance at seedling and,Genetic analysis of salt tolerance at seedling and reproductive stages in rice (Oryza sativa) REZAMOHAMMADI 1,3,MERLYNS. MENDIORO 2,GENALEENQ. DIAZ 2,GLENNB. GREGORIO 1 and RAKESH K. SINGH 1,4 1Plant Breeding, Genetics and Biotechnology Division, International Rice Research Institute, DAPO Box 7777, Metro Manila, Philippines; 2Genetics and Molecular Biology

  • Benefits and limitations in breeding salt-tolerant crops

    ity to salt beyond the threshold. The plant breeding approach to pro- ducing salt-tolerant crops has two limi- tations limited sources of genes for salinity tolerance and lack of rapid, precise evaluation methods. Genetic variability among US. cultivars may be more limited than among world collec-Plant Breeding and Biotechnology,Stress sensitive wild-type plant showed less blue appearance compared to did stress tolerant transgenic plants. Similarly, root images of salt treated plant appeared as less blue as the concentration of the salt increased. Plants with same genetic background may have different phenotypes, depending on

  • Breeding for Salinity Tolerance in Mungbean ScienceDirect

    Salinity stress during the entire life cycle of the crop cause considerable yield losses in mungbean. However, breeding for abiotic stress resistance has unfortunately remained neglected in mungbean. Due to complex nature of these stresses and lack of appropriate screening techniques, outcomes achieved have been less [4].Comprehensive screening and selection of okra (Abelmoschus,Jan 25, 2012· Therefore the crop responses to salinity may vary during the plant ontogeny (Maas and Hoffman, 1977; Shannon, 1985; Azhar and McNeilly, 1989; Maas and Poss, 1989). For the selection of salt-tolerant breeding plants, information about the degree of salt tolerance at all plant growth stages in a crop species is important.

  • Mutagenesis as a Tool in Plant Genetics, Functional

    Plant mutagenesis is rapidly coming of age in the aftermath of recent developments in high-resolution molecular and biochemical techniques. By combining the high variation of mutagenised populations with novel screening methods, traits that are almost impossible to identify by conventional breeding are now being developed and characterised at the molecular level.Plant breeding Wikipedia,Plant breeding is the science of changing the traits of plants in order to produce desired characteristics. It has been used to improve the quality of nutrition in products for humans and animals. Plant breeding can be accomplished through many different techniques ranging from simply selecting plants with desirable characteristics for propagation, to methods that make use of knowledge of

  • Screening of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes for

    Screening of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes for salinity tolerance at seedling stage Zubair Sajid1, Shoaib Liaqat*2, Wajiha Anum3, Ali Ammar3, Natasha Kanwal3, Akash Zafar3, Rana Azeem Ahmad4, Gahayour Ahmed5, Abdul Karim5 1Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, PakistanIdentification and Characterization of Salt Tolerance of,Salinity is one of the major limitations to wheat production worldwide. This study was designed to evaluate the level of genetic variation among 150 internationally derived wheat genotypes for salinity tolerance at germination, seedling and adult plant stages, with the aim of identifying new genetic resources with desirable adaptation characteristics for breeding programmes and further genetic

  • Plant Breeding Definition, Methods, Steps and Videos

    Plant Breeding Definition. Plant breeding is a method of altering the genetic pattern of plants to increase their value and utility for human welfare. It is a purposeful manipulation of plants to create desired plant types that are better suited for cultivation, give better yield and are disease resistant.Somaclonal Variation an overview ScienceDirect Topics,Saurabh Bhatia, Kiran Sharma, in Modern Applications of Plant Biotechnology in Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2015. 13.10.1 Genetic or Chimeral Variation or Somaclonal Variation. Somaclonal variation is the variation seen in plants that have been produced by plant tissue culture. Chromosomal rearrangements are an important source of this variation. Somaclonal variation is not restricted to,

  • Plant Breeding and Biotechnology

    Stress sensitive wild-type plant showed less blue appearance compared to did stress tolerant transgenic plants. Similarly, root images of salt treated plant appeared as less blue as the concentration of the salt increased. Plants with same genetic background may have different phenotypes, depending on Plant Breeding: Steps and Methods of Plant Breeding for,Plant Breeding: Steps and Methods of Plant Breeding for Disease Resistance! Green Revolution: Traditional farming can only yield limited food for humans and animals. Better management can increase yield but only to a limited extent. But plant breeding as a

  • Breeding for Salinity Tolerance in Mungbean ScienceDirect

    Salinity stress during the entire life cycle of the crop cause considerable yield losses in mungbean. However, breeding for abiotic stress resistance has unfortunately remained neglected in mungbean. Due to complex nature of these stresses and lack of appropriate screening techniques, outcomes achieved have been less [4].Screening of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes for,Screening of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes for salinity tolerance at seedling stage Zubair Sajid1, Shoaib Liaqat*2, Wajiha Anum3, Ali Ammar3, Natasha Kanwal3, Akash Zafar3, Rana Azeem Ahmad4, Gahayour Ahmed5, Abdul Karim5 1Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan

  • Identification and Characterization of Salt Tolerance of

    Salinity is one of the major limitations to wheat production worldwide. This study was designed to evaluate the level of genetic variation among 150 internationally derived wheat genotypes for salinity tolerance at germination, seedling and adult plant stages, with the aim of identifying new genetic resources with desirable adaptation characteristics for breeding programmes and further geneticPlant Breeding Definition, Methods, Steps and Videos,Plant Breeding Definition. Plant breeding is a method of altering the genetic pattern of plants to increase their value and utility for human welfare. It is a purposeful manipulation of plants to create desired plant types that are better suited for cultivation, give better yield and are disease resistant.

  • MutMap accelerates breeding of a salt-tolerant rice

    Mar 23, 2015· Molecular Breeding (2019) Salinity tolerance in Australian wild Oryza species varies widely and matches that observed in O. sativa Yoav YichieBreeding for salinity tolerance in rice AGRIS,Breeding for salinity tolerance in rice [1985] Akbar, M. Hillerislambers The most relevant strategy was the genetic manipulation of plants to breed salt-tolerant varieties. Efforts to breed for salinity tolerance had been attempted but the progress was slow due to limited knowledge of the genetics of salt tolerance; inadequate screening and

  • Biotechnology Applications for Plant Breeding and Genetics

    We need plants that are resistant to drought and salinity a 2009). mit f ti difi ti dixture of genetic modification and conventional plant breeding. • Better water storage and cleaner energy supplies are also essential 1/6/2010 8 supplies are also essential.Somaclonal Variation an overview ScienceDirect Topics,Saurabh Bhatia, Kiran Sharma, in Modern Applications of Plant Biotechnology in Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2015. 13.10.1 Genetic or Chimeral Variation or Somaclonal Variation. Somaclonal variation is the variation seen in plants that have been produced by plant tissue culture. Chromosomal rearrangements are an important source of this variation. Somaclonal variation is not restricted to,

  • Breeding for salinity tolerance in hydroponic systems of

    Feb 12, 2013· Breeding for salinity tolerance in hydroponic systems of crop plants 1. By Shehzad Ahmad KangPh.D Plant Breeding & Genetics Corresponding email ID: [email protected] breeding Revolvy,Plant breeding The Yecoro wheat (right) cultivar is sensitive to salinity, plants resulting from a hybrid cross with cultivar W4910 (left) show greater tolerance to high salinity Plant breeding is the science of changing the traits of plants in order to produce desired characteristics.[1] It has been used to improve the quality of nutrition in products for humans and animals.[2]

  • MIFE Technique-based Screening for Mesophyll K+ Retention

    Potassium is known as a rate-limiting factor for crop yield and plays an important role in plants response under abiotic stresses. Recently, cytosolic K+ retention ability in leaf mesophyll has emerged as an important component of plant salt tolerance mechanism (Wu et al., 2013; Wu et al., 2014; Wu et al., 2015). In this protocol, the procedure for screening leaf mesophyll for K+ retention byTopics: Mutation Detection, Plant Breeding and Genetics,Mutation Detection. The detection of novel induced mutations has long been a bottleneck in plant mutation breeding. However, with recent breakthroughs in high-throughput mutation detection technologies the PBG sub-program is assisting Member States in acquiring and establishing appropriate capacities to increase the efficiency of screening for desired traits and to accelerate the development

  • Progress in breeding for salinity tolerance and associated

    Rigorous plant selection for salinity tolerance was made in the advanced generations (F 6 –F 7) under conditions of severe salinity. Selection for good plant type and seedling tolerance were done in the field of IRRI and under controlled conditions in the phytotron (Gregorio et al., 1997).Plant Breeding an overview ScienceDirect Topics,Plant breeding is a continuous accumulation of superior alleles in the gene pool of the cultivated elite lines and recent developments in biotechnology offer new tools for screening and selecting new alleles. Allele mining allows searching for natural existing alleles in a germplasm collection, while new breeding techniques (similar to

  • Plant breeding Revolvy

    Plant breeding The Yecoro wheat (right) cultivar is sensitive to salinity, plants resulting from a hybrid cross with cultivar W4910 (left) show greater tolerance to high salinity Plant breeding is the science of changing the traits of plants in order to produce desired characteristics.[1] It has been used to improve the quality of nutrition in products for humans and animals.[2]Breeding for salinity tolerance in hydroponic systems of,Feb 12, 2013· Breeding for salinity tolerance in hydroponic systems of crop plants 1. By Shehzad Ahmad KangPh.D Plant Breeding & Genetics Corresponding email ID: [email protected]

  • Plant Breeding & Genetics Newsletter

    in vitro plant regeneration for accelerating the breeding cycle for developing salt tolerant lines by applying ap-propriate screening techniques. Trait specific molecular markers will help in expediting molecular marker-assisted breeding of salt tolerant varieties. The training course will be comprised of theory lectures, field trip toAnalysis of the chloroplast genome and SNP detection in a,Plant material The P. ginseng breeding line ‘G07006’, was selected for salt tolerance through salinity screening of mature leaves at the NIHHS of the Rural Development Administration (RDA) in 2014-2016. Fourth years of its growing season, in July, the leaves were

  • Agronomy Free Full-Text Improvement of Salinity Stress

    Therefore, screening of salinity tolerance in breeding programs has been suggested in two steps: (i) screening seedling salinity tolerance for large segregating populations (early generation screening) under controlled conditions; and (ii) testing salinity tolerance of promising lines from the first round screening at the reproductive stageResearch You Can Use Seashore Paspalum: Breeding a,salt tolerance. The existence of salt-tolerant plants (halophytes) and differ-ences in salt tolerance among geno-types within plant species indicates that there is a genetic basis to salt response. Furthermore, genetically controlled variability for salt tolerance among genotypes infers that it may be possible to further improve salt

  • Climate change ready rice International Rice Research

    Recent work at IRRI has shown that the SUB1 gene and Saltol can be combined in the same type of rice, increasing the rice plant's tolerance to salinity and submergence. Plant breeders have incorporated Saltol in popular rice varieties such as the BRRI Dhan 11, 28, 29 varieties released in Bangladesh, and popular varieties in West Africa.MIFE Technique-based Screening for Mesophyll K+ Retention,Potassium is known as a rate-limiting factor for crop yield and plays an important role in plants response under abiotic stresses. Recently, cytosolic K+ retention ability in leaf mesophyll has emerged as an important component of plant salt tolerance mechanism (Wu et al., 2013; Wu et al., 2014; Wu et al., 2015). In this protocol, the procedure for screening leaf mesophyll for K+ retention by

  • Topics: Mutation Detection, Plant Breeding and Genetics

    Mutation Detection. The detection of novel induced mutations has long been a bottleneck in plant mutation breeding. However, with recent breakthroughs in high-throughput mutation detection technologies the PBG sub-program is assisting Member States in acquiring and establishing appropriate capacities to increase the efficiency of screening for desired traits and to accelerate the developmentBiotechnology Applications for Plant Breeding and Genetics,We need plants that are resistant to drought and salinity a 2009). mit f ti difi ti dixture of genetic modification and conventional plant breeding. • Better water storage and cleaner energy supplies are also essential 1/6/2010 8 supplies are also essential.

  • The Blog Agrigenomics: Tools for plant and animal

    Agrigenomics: Tools for plant and animal breeding, fish and fowl and use the information to guide breeding programs aimed at improving the yield and stress-tolerance of the crop plant. This type of agrigenomic research is on the rise as global population growth, decreasing acreage of arable land, and climate change are applying mountingBreeding Turf-type Annual Ryegrass for Salinity Tolerance,screening period, when salt concentrations were 9,800 ppm. The actual rating for each (salt) plants. This could have been due to poor light quality, poor water quality, or some other factor. The entry TF-152 appears to be tolerant to high salt. Breeding Turf-type Annual Ryegrass for Salinity Tolerance Start Date:2008 Project Duration:three